HOW IS THE OPSIN GENE ORGANIZED?
- The complete sequence of the human genome was published in 2003, with three billion nucleotides, stored in freely accessible databases that can be accessed for example, via Entrez, UCSC and Ensembl.
- Gene finding is one of the most important steps in understanding the genome of a species once it has been sequenced. The number of protein-coding
genes for Homo sapiens is estimated to be between 20,000 and 25,000.
- Bioinformatics methods were developed to identify regions of genomic DNA that encode genes. This includes prediction of protein-coding genes
and RNA genes, as well as prediction of regulatory regions.
- In this exercise we propose that you identify the structural organization of the opsin gene, contained in a genomic DNA sequence, using Bioinformatics